Skin Care

moisturise face

Our skin is the bodies largest organ and it is just as important and vital to us as any other organ!

We look after our heart and lungs, so why not our skin?

Our skin needs nourishment just as our body does and although its easy to keep the body 'fuelled' we must also remember to maintain our skin in keeping the plumpness and youthfullness we all crave!

Get into the habit of following a skincare routine, one which will last you well beyond the lead up to your wedding day. Even if you are born with perfect skin, it still needs help along the way.

Following a daily routine of skin care is simple and can be done in three easy steps. Getting into the practise of cleansing, toning and moisturising will benefit your skin for many years, as well as helping you continue to feel good about yourself.

3 Step Skin Care Routine

1. Cleansing. You can clean your skin with soap, a liquid cleanser, cream or facial tissues. Make sure you follow your chosen manufactures guide taking extra care to clean in all areas. Use a 5p sized drop of cleanser and apply in a circular motion, rinse well with warm water and pat dry your face with a soft towel. Tip: Use makeup remover before applying cleanser.

2. Toning. Use a toner or astringent that matches your skin type. Apply with a cotton pad or ball for best results. If you feel your skin start to tingle, thats perfectly normal! Tip: Using a toner is not necessary according to some beauty experts, they are used to remove all remaining traces of oil, makeup and dirt but a good cleanser should really do all this.

3. Moisturising. Apply your moisturiser by added dots on cheeks, nose, chin and forehead. Gently blend in using light strokes and do not pull or tug at the skin. Don't forget to moisturise your neck! No matter what skin type you have, all should be moisturised. The only exception to this is those who suffer from acne. If your skin is tight it is a way of letting you know its crying out for moisture but be careful not to over-moisturise otherwise this would cause your pores to clog.

The best time to follow this routine is once in the morning and last thing at night. If you suffer from extremely oily skin an extra cleansing at midday may be beneficial.

Remember when starting a new skin regime you should give yourself a good month to really see the benefits and results so don't give up after a week or two!

Different Skin Types

face packNormal Skin is a smooth texture with a rosy clear surface with fine pores. This skin type has a well balanced oil and water content and feels velvety and smooth to the touch. No flaky or greasy patches and mostly found in young persons.

Dry Skin appears dull; more so around the cheeks and eyes. It can lack elasticity and fine lines and wrinkles can be accentuated more. Extreme dry skin can show signs of cracking, flaking and fissuring. Dry skin can often feel tight, more so if the wrong soap has been used to wash with. Suffering from dry skin can be triggered by such factors as cosmetics, a change in climate or medication and in some cases can be genetically determined.

Oily Skin is due to overactive sebaceous glands and characterised by an increased amount of lipids on the skin surface giving it that shiny look. This type of skin can be prone to blackheads and other blemishes and occurs more often in men than women. It is more predominant in adolescents and younger persons.

Combination Skin is a mixed facial condition that can lead towards dryness on the cheeks and around the eyes while other parts such as the nose, forehead and chin is oily (known as the t-zone). This skin type is very common and will need different skin care treatments.

Mature Skin is a problem that eventually comes to us all. With the slowing down of the skin's sebum production and the shifting balance of hormones the skin thins considerably after the menopause. Mature skin is more sensitive to weather extremes and sun damage. Hopefully by this time we are all into maintaining our skin and we can help slow down the process somewhat.

Sensitive Skin is more of a symptom that is caused by various factors. Although not a skin type, people can describe their skin as 'sensitive'. Reasons for this sensitivity could be from allergies to the wrong skin care products or even an underlying skin disorder.

Tips on Good Skin Care

  • skin care hands Always remove make-up before retiring for the evening.
  • Use products that will benefit your particular skin type.
  • Don't overclean if you have oily skin.
  • Start the day with a clean washed face.
  • Only buy and use products best suited for your skin type.
  • If you are unsure of what type of skin you have, visit a chemist and talk to the Pharmacist.
  • If your skin is very bad, don't try and treat it yourself, seek medical advice.

Depending on your skin type you may find that additional treatments such as scrubs or other exfoliates once a week or daily can help towards the maintenance.

Masks. Face masks can be used twice a week or every other month. They are formulated to treat from very dry to very oily skin and can provide an intensive moisture treatment, a deep cleansing experience or a gentle aroma-therapeutic boost. They can come in the form of cream, steam or peel offs.

Eye Cream. A much lighter cream for the more delicate part of our face. Eye cream is best applied with the 3rd finger on your hand as this is believed to have the lighter touch. When applying the cream, always dab tiny spots very lightly and don't pull the skin. Skin around our eyes contains no fatty tissue and is very susceptible to wrinkles. Certain eye creams contain a thickening formula especially for this delicate area to keep it sturdy.

Sun Screen. Natural skin aging is not helped by environment, sun damage and pollution. Wearing a sun screen daily in the summer months can be used as well as when sunbathing. Remember when using a tanning bed they can damage your skin up to three times more than the sun. Tip: Save costs and time by buying a daily moisturiser that contains UV protection and don't use moisturisers at night that contain sunscreen!

Exfoliates. Our skin cells are replenished every 3 weeks and exfoliating helps by removing the dead skin and making way for the new cells to grow. By getting rid of the dead cells our skin can absorb moisture more easily and fresh and plumped up skin gives us that youthful, fresh appearance. Take care not to use a product that is too abrasive for your particular skin type. Exfoliating can help towards those who have a tendency to suffer breakouts or blotchiness.

Tip: If you have oily or combination skin you should aim to exfoliate 4 to 5 times a week. Recommendations for dry or sensitive skin is once or twice a week. During the summer months sweat acts like glue and will cause dead skin cells to adhere together so you will need to exfoliate more during this time.

Acne Treatment. If purchased over the counter, these are to be used strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's directions or your dermatologist's advice. They contain benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid and can be very helpful in reducing the redness of pimples or blemishes.

Night Creams. These will give much needed moisture and repair while you sleep. With added anti-oxidants they help towards the radical damage that is caused by environmental pollution and natural aging.

Make-Up Remover. This is just as important as moisture and toner. Leaving your make up on to sleep in can add years to your skin the experts are now telling us. There is a variety of make up remover methods. Creams, liquids, tissues and soap can all be used effectively. Do not drag the skin around your eyes and be as gently as possible; while at the same time clean all traces of make up away. If you suffer from eye problems it may be best to use a fresh cotton wipe/tissue with each eye.

Skin Care Products

skin care productsCleanser: Find a good cleanser that your skin responds well to and stick to it. The majority of cleaners contain water, oil and surfactants and these work together, with the oil dissolving the oil on your face, the surfactants cleans the dirt and make-up while the water washes it all away. Finding the right mix of oil that helps keep your skin clean is half the battle won. Too much oil can clog your pores while too little will dry out your skin. Tip: According to some beauty experts they recommend to avoid using soap on your face.

Toner: Toners are generally 'fresheners' that remove any residue left by the cleanser. It does what the name suggests as in tones the skin and makes it feel fresher. The difference between toners, fresheners and astringents are in the ingredients. Most toners are made up of water and skin soothers such as aloe or chamomile as well as plant oils and ingredients to draw moisture to the skin. Fresheners are alcohol free while astringents used for oily skin are not!

Moisturise (the most important step in skin care)

  • Moisturise even if you have oily skin. Over cleaning skin that is oily causes the oil glands to over- produce oil. To maintain the balance use an oil-free moisturiser.
  • Normal skin can find moisturisers that have vitamins that improve looks by fighting environmental damage. Oil-free and light-weight.
  • Dry Skin doesn't need to be dry anymore. Some products can reverse the dryness in 7 days, or boost hydration 450 % and keep working for hours.

Buying products for your skin care does not necessarily mean you have to go for the expensive or well known ones. Shop around by asking advice and recommendations, look for bargains to try and don't stick with the first one if it's not working for you. Remember just because it works great for your sister, mother or best friend does not mean it's the correct one for you! Tip: Many chemists will have free samples to try don't be afraid to ask because it's a great way to find one the correct one that is right for your skin type without spending out a lot of money.


By helping to maintain your skin you can be rewarded by looking and feeling good. If you want to sunbathe, do so at short burst and ALWAYS cover up well.